Sources and Bibliography

Museums, Archives, Historians and Historical Societies

Braintree Museum, Braintree, Essex, England (

Braintree Historical Society, Braintree, Massachusetts (

British National Archives, Kew, Surrey, England (

British Public Library, London, England (

Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts (

California State Library - Sutro Library, San Francisco, California

California State University Maritime Academy Library, Vallejo, California (

Canadian Museum of History / Musée Canadien de l’Histoire (

Canadian Museum of History / The Meta Incognita Project

Historical Museum of Braga, Portugal

Historical Museum of Coimbra, Portugal

Martha’s Vineyard Museum and Historical Society (Bowdoin Van Ripper, Historian) (

Massachusetts Archives, Boston, Massachusetts (

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts (

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts (

Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts (

Salem Public Library, Salem, Massachusetts (

San Rafael Public Library, San Rafael, California (

Society of Mayflower Descendants Library, Oakland, California ( (Historians: Pat Friesen, Myrtle Savage and Linda Longley)

Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut (


A Gloucestershire and Bristol Atlas - A selection of old maps and places from the 16th to the 19th century. Printed for the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. London and Bristol: Percy Lund, Humphries & Col Ltd., 1961

Adams, Charles Francis. Three Episodes of Massachusetts History. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, The Riverside Press, 1892. (Digitized by Google.)

Arts and Entertainment (A&E): The History Channel. “The Great Ships, The Galleons,” video no. AAE-40042

Bancroft, George. History of the Colonization of the United States. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841. (Digitized by Google.)

Barrera, Sandra. “Adventures along the Silk Road,” Press Telegram, pC7, December 27, 2013

Boulter, Carmen Ph.D. The Pyramid Code. Magdalena Productions, 2010

Chatterton, Edward Keble. Ships and Ways of Other Days. London: Sidgewick & Jackson, Ltd., 1913

Chichester, Sir Francis and Gail Roberts. Atlas of Discovery. New York: Crown Publishers, 1973

Childs, David. The Warship Mary Rose, The Life & Times of King Henry VIII’s Flagship. London: Chatham Publishing, 2007

De las Casas, Bartolomé. Journal of the Colombus’ First Voyage [the only journal that has survived]. Ms.1492

Doherty, Kieran. Sea Venture. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007

Dos Passos, John. The Portugal Story: Three Centuries of Exploration and Discovery, Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY, 1969

Gifford, Clive. Illus. Cousens, David. 10 Explorers Who Changed the World, ©Macmillan Children’s Books, Kingfisher, New York, 2008

Glover, Lorri, and Smith, Daniel Blake. The Shipwreck that Saved Jamestowne, the Sea Venture Castaways and the Fate of America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC, 2008

Hakluyt, Richard. Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation, 1589. Edited by Jack Beeching, London: Penguin Classics, Penguin Group, 1972

Hickey, Jim. “Rural Legend of Viking Presence Endures,” Vineyard Gazette Blog, June 4, 2007,

Hunter, Douglas. The Race to the New World; Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, and a Lost History of Discovery, Palgrave MacMillan academic press, St. Martin’s Press LLC, New York, NY, 10011. 2011

Karwoski, Gail Langer. Miracle, The True Story of the Wreck of the Sea Venture. Plain City, OH: Oxford Resources, Inc., Darby Creek Publishing, 2004

Lavery, Brian. The Arming and Fitting of English Ships of War, 1600-1815. UK: Convoy Maritime Press, Naval Institute Press, 1989

Mariner’s Mirror, The Journal of the Society for Nautical Research. vol. 36, Cambridge: University Press, 1959

Pinkerton, John. Modern Geography: A Description of the Empires, Kingdoms, States, and Colonies; with the Oceans, Seas, and Isles; in all Parts of the World: Including the Most Recent Discoveries, and Political Alterations. Digested on a New Plan. Revised Edition. Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies, Strand; and Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster-Row. Printed by A. Straban, Printers Street, London, 1817.[Google Books scan. Held in the Koninke Bibliotheca Teshage.]

Powell, John Williams Damer. Bristol Privateering and Ships of War. Bristol; London: J. W. Arrowsmith Ltd., 1930

Purchas, Samuel. Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrims. London: 1625

Riess, Warren C. Angel Gabriel - The Elusive English Galleon. Bristol, ME: 1797 House, 2002

Sargent, Professor Walter. “Conauistadors to Planters, the Three Modes of Colonization, HTY103 Unit 2 Outline.”
- University of Maine at Farmington

Tarducci, Francesco. The Life of Christopher Columbus. Part I, p.49, H.F. Brownson Publisher, Detroit, 1890

Thacher, John Boyd. Christopher Columbus: his life, his work, his remains, As revealed by original, printed and manuscript records. G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, The Knickerbocker Press, 1903 [Book in Harvard University Library, scanned online through GoogleBooks]

The Essex Antiquarian. vol 1. Salem, MA: The Essex Antiquarian, 1897. (Digitized by Google.)

White, Katie, and Gallop, Roy. A Celebration of the Avon New Cut. Great Britain: Doveton Press, Fiducia Press, 2006

World Book Encyclopedia. Software MacKiev’s, 2008

Wujec, Tom. “Learn to use the 13th-century astrolabe,”, November, 2009. Video:

Internet Resources


Cabot, John. Mariner’s Museum:


Incan bridges:

Maps: [compiled by Jim Siebold]




Wampanoag Indians:

General Internet Resources


Distances between places:

Facts and Trivia:

Facts and Trivia:

Maps - Old: [Jonathan Potter Limited]

Old Books:

Rare Books: